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corner acknowledgment at its finest and most versatile, respect defined the relationships most pivotal in Snape's life. Not just an object of esteem, he was at once respected and engaged in honouring the value of the other. That he came into and found respect is marked by different paths, accomplished by different means. But all cases of respect shaped his person. All of those involved forced his steps in the direction of their needs and desires with little heed to his own.

Why, then, would Snape — full of pride, boasting a will of iron — have succumbed? Irony strikes a fatal blow: his reasons reveal themselves as manifestations of that to which he succumbed. These fragments of respect become links in a self-reinforcing feedback loop, one that could only have been escaped in death.

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corner arly in his years as a student at Hogwarts, Snape became acquainted with a group of witches and wizards who had a selfsame fondness for the Dark Arts. Upon graduating, he and most of the group merged with another dark following, headed by a powerful, young wizard known as Voldemort. Rumour spoke of his possessing knowledge of the Dark Arts that reached depths no other wizard had attained. The prospects of power and glory that shrouded his celebrity drew power-hungry magical folk to him, and he took on his followers as his Death Eaters.

Snape, himself quite besotted with the darker magic and having already created his own dark spells, was in awe of this occult figure. Both his regard for the Dark Arts and intellect drew him to Voldemort.

Although Voldemort would not come to consider anyone his equal, he could not have ignored Snape's power. By the end of his reign, Snape had become Voldemort's most trusted minion — once again, not his equal, but someone deserving of his respect. Voldemort saw in Snape values he held in high regard: a thirst for power, an obsession with the Dark Arts, a piercing intellect and abilities with magic beyond the ordinary.

Snape's rise to power within Voldemort's ranks is somewhat of a mystery up until the death of the Potters. His intelligence and Slytherin attributes were sure to to be a factor — the latter more than the former, as evidenced by the events surrounding Voldemort's sudden keen interest in him. These events are, of course, the overheard prophecy of Voldemort's archenemy, which through sad fortune lead Snape into becoming an unknowing accomplice in the death of the love of his life.

Following Voldemort's defeat by the infant Harry Potter, Snape and the other surviving Death Eaters had fled into hiding. Snape remained as Hogwarts as a professor, out of contact with the Dark Lord's followers. His remoteness and unwillingness to search for Voldemort later cast suspicion on his alliances: Voldemort revealed that during the Philosopher's Stone incident he had doubted Snape's loyalty. With some clever logic, Snape recovered his scored reputation:

‘The Dark Lord’s initial displeasure at my lateness vanished entirely, I assure you, when I explained that I remained faithful, although Dumbledore thought I was his man. Yes, the Dark Lord thought that I had left him for ever, but he was wrong.’

Severus Snape
Chapter 2: Spinner's End
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

If Voldemort trusted anyone, it was Snape. During meetings held at Malfoy Manor, Snape took place to Voldemort's right — the seat traditionally given to those next in command or next revered. This move parallels the ascension of Christ:

But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the mighty God.

Luke 22:69

As if to compound this theory, at one of these meetings, Voldemort chooses to trust Snape over another Death Eater, Yaxley, when the two provide conflicting accounts of highly important information regarding the goings-on of Harry Potter. Both Snape's station at Voldemort's side and the respect he received as the chosen informant placed him at the height of Voldemort's chain of trust.

Voldemort's trust was, of course, misplaced: Snape had been working against him since the night of Lily Potter's death, and it was only his cleverness in providing the right information to be trusted and skill as an Occlumens that kept Voldemort in the dark. In a clever twist, Snape berates Bellatrix Lestrange when she questions his loyalty to the Dark Lord, reminding her of his power:

‘… Do you really think that the Dark Lord has not asked me each and every one of those questions? And do you really think that, had I not been able to give satisfactory answers, I would be sitting here talking to you? (…) Fooled the Dark Lord, the greatest wizard, the most accomplished Legilimens the world has ever seen?’

Severus Snape
Chapter 2: Spinner's End
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

If Snape was right in saying that Voldemort was a, if not the most, powerful Legilimens (and was not just posturing power for the sake of his argument) it would speak to his own abilities as an Occlumens. Indeed, Snape was able to elude the Dark Lord under his very nose (or lack-thereof). In one way, at least, Snape was more powerful than the Dark Lord.

Further, this inferences a hearkening the power of defense over offense, a theme postulated throughout the series. A prime example is the powerful spell cast on Harry as a child when his mother, out of pure love, sacrificed herself to save him. The Invisibility Cloak in the “The Tale of the Three Brothers”, too, which was the wisest choice of the three Hallows requested of Death in allowing the third brother respite from Death until his time. And finally in this very situation: Narcissa had asked Snape to help her protect her son Draco, which saved him from committing murder later on.

In a stroke of irony, Snape's trust in Voldemort's trusting him brings about not only Voldemort's downfall but his own as well. Snape was assured of his place in Voldemort's circle, the respect he'd earned and his value as a model Death Eater. Voldemort's treachery comes as a shock to Snape; when summoned to Voldemort's side in the final battle and questioned about the Elder Wand, Snape is mollified in the face of Voldemort's revelation and his own impending death:

And now Snape looked at Voldemort, and Snape’s face was like a death mask. It was marble white and so still that when he spoke it was a shock to see that anyone lived behind the blank eyes.

Chapter 32: The Elder Wand
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows

Whether the shock was due to betrayal, Voldemort's probing Legilimency, or Snape failing to realise Voldemort would eventually discover the true circumstances of the Elder Wand remains a mystery. One possibility can, however, take precedence over the others. As a double agent, Snape had hoodwinked Voldemort for years; deceiving his master for so long was bound to have an effect on Snape, perhaps empowering him with a hidden intellectual superiority that would later lend to his surprise at Voldemort discovering the truth of the Elder Wand.

Even though he killed Snape, Voldemort appeared to regret the act:

There was a terrible scream. Harry saw Snape’s face losing the little colour it had left, it whitened as his black eyes widened, as the snake’s fangs pierced his neck, as he failed to push the enchanted cage off himself, as his knees gave way, and he fell to the floor.
  ‘I regret it,’ said Voldemort coldly.

Chapter 32: The Elder Wand
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows

Allow me to be very specific here: when I say "regret", I offer it with none of the typical emotional connotations. Voldemort was an evil, unemotional being. In fact, Voldemort didn't regret "the act" itself, but rather that he had suffered the loss of his best minion, his most trustworthy and accomplished underling. The loss was tactical, not emotional. And, in a very real way, it was not Voldemort's loss at all, but his gain: in his last duel with Voldemort, Harry proclaimed Snape's true alliance, dealing the final blow to Voldemort's weakening reserve. If Voldemort would regret a thing, it would be for fulfilling an unsatisfying, incidental requirement instead of murdering Snape for his treachery.

‘Can you tell me something, sir?’ said Harry, firing up again. ‘Why do you call Voldemort the Dark Lord? I’ve only ever heard Death Eaters call him that.’

Chapter 26: Seen and Unseen
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix

Snape's "slip-up" moves beyond being unable to break bad habits. Despite working against him, indeed having foiled his plans on more than one occasion and personally protecting his archenemy, Snape still holds Voldemort in high esteem. Their invisible conflict is merely the result of contradictory interests. Voldemort, as Snape well knows, is still one of the most powerful wizards in the world, still commands a great army and holds great power, and thus is worthy of respect. Harry's question reveals Snape's continued respect for Voldemort.


corner efore coming into a full understanding of Snape and Voldemort's histories, Harry draws a comparison between the two:

‘He’d play up the pure-blood side so he could get in with Lucius Malfoy and the rest of them … he’s just like Voldemort. Pure-blood mother, Muggle father … ashamed of his parentage, trying to make himself feared using the Dark Arts, gave himself an impressive new name - Lord Voldemort - the Half-Blood Prince - how could Dumbledore have missed -?’

Harry Potter
Chapter 30: The White Tomb
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

As Harry's outlined, Snape and Voldemort do share interesting similarities in character and circumstance. Both hide behind the assumption of pure-bloodedness in their house in order to ensure the geniality of their colleagues and play into their selfsame belief of pure-blood superiority. Some measure of shame of their half-blood heritage can be seen in both and most clearly in Voldemort. Debatably, they each took up the Dark Arts to invoke fear. Certainly their respective titles were impressive and meant to impress.

When Harry implies Dumbledore had missed something, it is in fact he who is not fully informed. Dumbledore, in fact, knew a pivotal bit of information that set Voldemort and Snape apart. Despite their similarities, Snape had what Voldemort lacked: the ability to love.

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corner t once revered and detested, Dumbledore was to Snape both master and saviour. The relationship between the two was complex. At its roots were remorse and love and dedication, qualities possessed by Snape and both approved of and treasured by Dumbledore. The variability of Snape's loyalty to Dumbledore was at the heart of uncertainty, bringing dramatic tension to the experience of its unravelling.

‘Severus Snape was indeed a Death Eater. However, he rejoined our side before Lord Voldemort’s downfall and turned spy for us, at great personal risk. He is now no more a Death Eater than I am.'

Dumbledore
Chapter 30: The Pensieve
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

In light of his betrayal to Lily Potter, Snape turns to the only person who can help him: Dumbledore. Snape reveals that his pleas to Voldemort to spare Lily Evans came to naught. Dumbledore is disgusted by his single-minded concern, but at Snape's ardent request and visible remorse, Dumbledore vows to protect Lily Evans and her family. In return, Snape turns spy for Dumbledore. But Snape's betrayal rears its ugly head and Lily and her family are destroyed by Voldemort despite Dumbledore's protection. Thoughts of suicide are all Snape has left. Dumbledore, however, provides another option: for Snape to protect Lily's son, the son who inherited her brilliant green eyes, instead of giving himself over to death in repentance. Snape agrees, on one condition:

‘My word, Severus, that I shall never reveal the best of you?’ Dumbledore sighed, looking down into Snape’s ferocious, anguished face. ‘If you insist …’

Chapter 33: The Prince's Tale
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows

Dumbledore keeps his promise, as does Snape. When Voldemort returns, both are ready:

‘Severus,’ said Dumbledore, turning to Snape, ‘you know what I must ask you to do. If you are ready … if you are prepared …’
  ‘I am,’ said Snape.
  He looked slightly paler than usual, and his cold, black eyes glittered strangely.
  ‘Then, good luck,’ said Dumbledore, and he watched, with a trace of apprehension on his face, as Snape swept wordlessly after Sirius.
  It was several minutes before Dumbledore spoke again.

Chapter 36: The Parting of the Ways
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

Dumbledore has sent Snape to Voldemort to regain his favour and begin his stint as a triple agent, falsely working under Voldemort while truly remaining Dumbledore’s spy. His dedication to Lily's memory (following the sending, Harry catches his eye, apparently seeking reconfirmation in his last material tie to Lily) and his bravery in the face of this task is truly inspiring. Dumbledore, understandably, feels wretched, as evidenced by his moment of respectful silence following Snape’s exit.

In the face of his request, Dumbledore was truly concerned for Snape. With arguably the most dangerous job in the Order, Snape had risked and lost more than any other under Dumbledore. Dumbledore was fully aware of this. For Snape he held a humane respect that overtook Snape's lesser qualities and settled on his sacrifices and courage. In every way he could, Dumbledore obliged others to do the same. Most notably he constantly corrected Harry whenever he referred to Snape without the "professor" honorific. (Ch.17, HBP)

Indeed, Dumbledore compliments Snape as often as he can — which isn't, apparently, often enough. One of Snape's memories reveals Snape complaining of Dumbledore's lack of trust in him, and Dumbledore's enlightening response:

‘… Do not think that I underestimate the constant danger in which you place yourself, Severus. To give Voldemort what appears to be valuable information while withholding the essentials is a job I would entrust to nobody but you.’

Albus Dumbledore
Chapter 33: The Prince's Tale
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows

At one point, Dumbledore looses his anger at Harry for questioning his trust in Snape:

‘So, sir,’ said Harry, in what he hoped was a polite, calm voice, ‘you definitely still trust -?’
  ‘I have been tolerant enough to answer that question already,’ said Dumbledore, but he did not sound very tolerant any more. ‘My answer has not changed.’

Chapter 17: A Sluggish Memory
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

Dumbledore's reaction is all the more impressive considering that he was rarely roused to obvious anger. Indeed, the strain afflicting both he and Snape seems to come to term a short while later, in a private argument Hagrid relates to Harry. A difference in opinion on appropriate information-gathering methods causes Snape to threaten his services as a spy. (Ch.19, HBP) Dumbledore wants to keep the students of Slytherin House, whom Snape is interrogating, safe, but Snape, who as a Slytherin believes that the means meet the end, sees the potential in talking to the students. Even this small amount of disrespect — Dumbledore not trusting Snape's expertise — amounts to a large blow; small acts of amenity aid in Snape's deserved respectability, spurning Dumbledore to speak on Snape's behalf even when the issue is an apparently trifling one.

This specific slight is amended later, when Dumbledore tells Snape what he wishes to hear: that he is brave. (Ch.33, DH) Dumbledore ensures that Snape is not the only one who knows this after Snape saves Dumbledore's life. In a moment of succumbing to his deeply hidden power-hungry nature, Dumbledore finds himself in the death-grip of the curse applied to Marvolo's ring. He later admits that had it not been for Snape’s speedy assistance, he would have likely died from the curse. (Ch.23, HBP) Dumbledore is both grateful for and impressed by Snape; speaking to Harry — the one who should respect Snape most — he makes sure to extol this one of Snape's few virtues.

This is not to say that Dumbledore is without criticism of Snape. Snape had, since Harry's first year, treated Harry with the utmost contempt for no reason obvious to Harry. Dumbledore later admits that Snape's mistreatment of Harry stemmed from Snape's own mistreatment at the hands of Harry's father, James. "Some wounds," remarks Dumbledore, "run too deep for the healing." (Ch.37, OotP) When Snape chastises Karkaroff for saying ill of Dumbledore while taking the opportunity to dish out a low insult in Harry's direction, Dumbledore reproves him in return. (Ch.17, GoF) Dumbledore is aware of Snape's faults, as well as his merits.


corner nape's true loyalties were disguised until the last. Interestingly, we are not limited to Harry's already limited view of Snape; we are given glimpses of scenes we should not be privy to that misguide us into believing Snape's alliances lie with Voldemort. Most notably is the chapter "Spinner's End" in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, which paints us a picture of Snape primarily from Narcissa Malfoy's viewpoint. The picture does nothing but waver our confidence in Dumbledore's confidence in Snape.

Snape's apparent loyalty to Voldemort is supported by the perspectives of other characters, as well. The portrait of Phineas Nigellus informs Harry, Hermione and Ron that Snape is in possession of a fake Sword of Gryffindor, and doesn't know it — though we find out later that he was very much aware of the authenticity of the sword. Even Snape has his perspective to offer:

‘And you overlook Dumbledore’s greatest weakness: he has to believe the best of people … But through all these years, he has never stopped trusting Severus Snape, and therein lies my great value to the Dark Lord.’

Severus Snape
Chapter 2: Spinner's End
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

Dumbledore's weakness is his strength, but here Snape depicts it as a fault, inferring that it is this fault of trust that allows him to serve Voldemort in his quest against Dumbledore. Suddenly, Dumbledore's unwavering trust in Snape is thrown into serious doubt.

At great risk to the solidarity of the Order of the Phoenix, Dumbledore keeps the reason behind his trust in Snape secret. The most anyone knows is, according to Moody, that Dumbledore had offered Snape a second chance. At one point, Hermione and Ron argue over whether or not Dumbledore even has any evidence proving Snape's sincerity. (Ch.12, OotP) Only one person aside from Dumbledore and Snape ever becomes privy to the secret: Harry, and then only at Snape's death and request. The results of Dumbledore's secretiveness manifest themselves in the mistrust of Snape by every member of the Order of the Phoenix. His presence is tolerated only out of respect for Dumbledore. What trust members claim to have relies indirectly and entirely on Dumbledore's trust. Hermione, Sirius and Lupin all claim that they trust Snape only because they trust Dumbledore. (Ch.25, OotP; Ch.27, GoF; Ch.16, HBP) The Order, in particular Lupin, Tonks and McGonagall, and later Ron, are simply baffled when Harry tells them that it was Snape who murdered Dumbledore. (Ch.29, HBP; Ch.30, HBP) Immediately, upon Harry's revelation, the Order takes measures against Snape, including Moody setting up anti-Snape curses at Grimmauld Place after Dumbledore's death. (Ch.6, DH) Snape was well aware of his universal dislike within the Order; one can't help but wonder if his telling Harry "It's over" referred as much to the end of his falsely jovial relationship with the Order as to the end of his spying days and the start of the final war.

Perhaps the most convincing example of Snape's apparent treachery is his involvement in Dumbledore's death:

But somebody else had spoken Snape’s name, quite softly.
  ‘Severus …’
  The sound frightened Harry beyond anything he had experienced all evening. For the first time, Dumbledore was pleading. (…) Snape gazed for a moment at Dumbledore,   and there was revulsion and hatred etched in the harsh lines of his face.
  ‘Severus … please …’
  Snape raised his wand and pointed it directly at Dumbledore.
  ‘Avada Kedavra!’

Chapter 27: The Lightning-Struck Tower
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

To the ignorant bystander, Dumbledore appears to be pleading for his life. Harry believes that Snape murders Dumbledore. In fact, Dumbledore's last words are loaded with hidden meaning; he realises that his time has come, and his pleas are in fact an order to Snape to fulfill the third term of the Unbreakable Vow he had made with Narcissa Malfoy. Snape performs the feat admirably, with his mask of hatred and imperceptible hesitation. He is so convincing and the situation so immutable at this point that we, like Harry, can only conclude Snape has betrayed Dumbledore ultimately.


corner nape's alliance to Dumbledore suffered much debate prior to the revelations in the final book. Even after Harry (and we through him) discovers the heart of the matter, assuring Snape's political loyalty to Dumbledore, some question remains as to his personal feelings about the elder, eccentric wizard. On careful examination of the text, Snape's impression of Dumbledore becomes as clear as the reified figure of Gestalt psychology.

Superficially, the following appears to be a typical petty attack in Harry's direction:

‘It’s no one’s fault but Potter’s, Karkaroff,’ said Snape softly, his black eyes were alight with malice. ‘Don’t go blaming Dumbledore for Potter’s determination to break the rules. ...'

Severus Snape
Chapter 17: The Four Champions
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

Snape could be seen as hitting two birds with one stone, here: a surefire insult for Harry gives leave for the indirect defense of Dumbledore. In any case, least to say, Dumbledore is not impressed by Snape's tactics.

During the Triwizard Tournament, Karkaroff pulls Snape aside for a discussion on the pending return of the Dark Lord. (Ch.23, GoF) Karkaroff is rightly frantic with fear, having sold out many a Death Eater to avoid Azkaban at the end of the last war. Snape, on the other hand, is unconcerned. Despite Karkaroff's protests, he is adamant to stay at Hogwarts. Surely his choice to stay is built on good sense — for what safer place is there than Hogwarts under Dumbledore's watchful eye? — but we might see the dedication to his promise to Dumbledore here as well.

During the forging of the Unbreakable Vow with Narcissa Malfoy, Snape stumbles. (Ch.2, HBP) He hesitates before making the last promise; his vow would mean Dumbledore’s death whether or not Draco should fail. As he should, he does what he must, but this moment of doubt reveals to the careful reader his true loyalty.

Dumbledore's unshakable trust in Snape reveals something of Snape himself. Opportunities to murder Dumbledore, murder him in ways that would avoid Snape taking the blame, are presented to Snape, but he fails to bite. One such opportunity involves the retrieval of the faux Horcrux locket from the seaside cave, in which Harry force-feeds Dumbledore a poisonous draught that saps his life. Dumbledore, trusting Snape explicitly, orders Harry to fetch him — and no one else — when they return to Hogwarts. (Ch.27, HBP) The opportunity is a murderer's delight: Harry, unknowledgeable about potions and distraught; Dumbledore, delirious and dying; they two and Snape the only ones who know Dumbledore is there and dying. Had Snape the inclination to murder Dumbledore, he could have concocted a draught which would finish the job the poison in the cave had started, without Harry or anyone else ever knowing.

Prior to his death, Dumbledore makes several requests of Snape, all of which Snape ensures come to be. A most important final plea was to keep the students of Hogwarts safe, by whatever means necessary; this is duly evidenced by Snape as Headmaster merely sending Ginny and her accomplices on a detention with Hagrid in the Forbidden Forest after attempting to pilfer the Sword of Gryffindor from Snape's office. (Ch.15, DH) Despite being freed of Dumbledore's bonds, Snape continues to aid Harry in his quest to defeat Voldemort, delivering the Sword of Gryffindor to him in secret as Dumbledore's portrait asks of him. (Ch.19, DH; Ch.33, DH) With no one to command him but himself, Snape shows his trust in Dumbledore's vision.

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corner n alliance formed on the bounds of love was one with which Snape was intimately familiar. When a distraught Narcissa and her sister Bellatrix came to his door, the former requesting his help in the face of retribution from the Dark Lord, Snape is posed with what would, in any situation, be a decision on the brink of a knife's edge: if purely evil, Snape could kill them himself or report them to the Dark Lord, and if not entirely evil, could aid Narcissa in her request. Her desperation is evident, reminiscent of Snape's own all those years before.

In the Unbreakable Vow he forged with Narcissa Snape sealed himself in yet another bond. Like in his alliances to Voldemort and Dumbledore, Snape had forgone his freedom for a greater cause. The difference in this alliance lies in the choice it presented to Snape.

The subtleties of the situation were lost on Narcissa. To risk the wraith of those more powerful than oneself, to work against one's lord and master, to give into the frailty of trust when no other option was available were all motions Snape himself had gone through. Moreover, that which drove both was love, and only Snape could appreciate this common thread; only he could pay acknowledgement to the understanding between them, which to Narcissa was unvoiced but demonstrated by Snape's agreement.

Snape said nothing. He looked away from the sight of her tears as though they were indecent …

Chapter 2: Spinner's End
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

Narcissa's grief is painful for Snape to see. Here, he truly appears disgusted by her blatant display of weakness. Contradictorily, Snape himself had been unable to keep his grief in check at hearing the news of Lily's passing — and his pivotal involvement in it, comparable to Narcissa's jeopardous involvement with Voldemort — prior to forming the paralleled alliance with Dumbledore. Perhaps, here, Snape is less offended by the presence of tears than by their reason; Narcissa has all but assured her son's survival, not received news of his passing. Her tears are then undeserved and accordingly detestable. Conceivably, Snape's reaction is simply one borne from the revival of uncomfortable memories.


corner s teacher and student, Draco Malfoy and Snape's relationship can be seen as one between tutor and protege. Early on, Harry Potter recognises Draco as Snape's favoured student. As he matures, Draco finds his relationship with Snape degrading; all the while, Snape retains a fatherly tutelage over the young Malfoy. Draco's respect is a kaleidescope of extremes.

Snape's favouritism of Draco, and the Slytherin students in general, can be seen as both honest and undeniably dishonest. In Harry's second year, Snape appoints Draco as Slytherin Seeker. Given the new uniforms and equipment the team receives, the assumed benefactor is Draco's father. In this way, Draco is seen as having bought his way onto the team. But as we experience more and more Quidditch matches between the Slytherin and Gryffindor teams, Draco shows himself to be a competent seeker, spiting the necessity of enlistment-by-pay.

Draco's respect for Snape begins with an almost overzealous intensity. In a conversation that foretells Snape's last post at Hogwarts, Draco asks:

‘Sir, why don’t you apply for the Headmaster’s job?’
  ‘Now, now, Malfoy,’ said Snape, though he couldn’t suppress a thin-lipped smile. ‘Professor Dumbledore has only been suspended by the governors. I daresay he’ll be back with us soon enough.’
  ‘Yeah, right,’ said Malfoy, smirking. ‘I’d expect you’d have Father’s vote, sir, if you wanted to apply for the job. I’ll tell Father you’re the best teacher here, sir …’

Draco Malfoy and Severus Snape
Chapter 14: Cornelius Fudge
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

In his final years at Hogwarts, Draco's opinion of Snape suffers. He has endured what can only be described as indoctrination at the hands of his family and fellow Slytherins. During Slughorn's Christmas bash in his sixth year, Draco is dragged bodily from the room for an impromptu discussion regarding his wavering confidence in Snape. After voicing his mistrust and paranoidly claiming Snape is after the glory of killing Dumbledore, Draco forces Snape to attempt Legilimency on him, which Draco counters with Occlumency. Snape fails to win Draco over, no matter the mention of his Unbreakable Vow with Draco's mother nor his consistent understanding and patience.

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